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Offshore wind farm in sunrise
Offshore wind floating installation
Offshore wind floating 1

The Danish Embassy in Paris, Ministry of Foreign Affairs

Employment impacts of 40GW offshore wind in France by 2050

2023 (9 months)

Technical report-Employment impacts of 40GW offshore wind in France by 2050.jpg
Presention-Employment impacts of 40GW of


In 2019-2075, a total of around 436,000 direct FTE are assessed to be associated with planning, producing, maintaining, operating and decommissioning 40 GW offshore wind in France. Across foundation types, around 158,300 direct FTE are assessed to be associated with fixed foundation, while around 277,700 direct FTE are assessed to be associated with floating foundation.

The distribution of FTE across offshore wind farm lifecycles reveals the need for a massive build-up of labour supply up to around 2031, where it peaks with around 6,400 FTE/year for fixed and around 13,600 FTE/year for floating totaling around 20,000 FTE/year. The maximum number of direct and indirect jobs in French-based companies associated with the 40 GW in 2050 is assessed to around 19,300 FTE in 2031.


The results of the study were presented in Copenhagen on 28 August 2023 and Paris on 3 October 2023 for audiences consisting of offshore wind farm operators, owners and suppliers and relevant public authorities. The study results are intended to be shared to anybody having interests in using its content to support the development of offshore wind in France and to anybody contributing to the development of the skilled work force needed for France to achieve its offshore ambitions. 

Project purpose and objectives

The purpose of the study is two-fold. First, to provide an assessment of the labour input likely to be provided by French-based companies and hence the employment benefits of the 40 GW offshore wind investments in France. Second, through facilitating high detailed assessments of labour inputs, to provide aid for avoiding labour market bottlenecks in terms of labour shortages and skill gaps and for preparing and implementing educational and training programmes to meet labour demand from the offshore wind industry.

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